Officials in Puerto Rico have been saying for months that they are prepared should another hurricane strike their island, even one as big as Hurricane Maria, which made landfall with devastating fury last fall.
But on Tuesday afternoon, an attorney for Puerto Rico's government admitted in a San Juan courtroom that, in fact, the island's emergency management agency does not yet have a document outlining a hurricane-specific response plan.
"The agency is still working on those plans," the attorney, Tania Fernández Medero, told a judge overseeing a lawsuit seeking to get the government to release the plans. She said the government was still assessing proposals from private companies, "so that it can hire people who specialize in producing those types of emergency response plans. So, as of today they aren't available. As of today, they don't exist."
It was a stunning admission given that, early last month, Governor Ricardo Rosselló and other officials announced that their newly overhauled plan was finally complete, and that residents of the island should feel secure knowing that their government was prepared.
Officials had acknowledged that their previous emergency response plan had proved inadequate to respond to a hurricane as devastating as Maria.
Days after Rosselló's announcement, the head of the Puerto Rico Emergency Management Agency, Carlos Acevedo, told a committee of Puerto Rico's Congress that, should a hurricane of similar magnitude strike, "we're confident that our government's response will be very different."
In fact, the plan that his agency had completed was a general one, designed to guide the government's response to a broad array of emergencies. The government finally released that plan Monday evening following weeks of delays and repeated requests from journalists, including from NPR. It released the plan on the eve of the first court hearing in a lawsuit filed by Puerto Rico's Center for Investigative Journalism seeking to compel the government to release it and other documents.
What was not publicly known until Tuesday's hearing was that the general plan — called the Joint Operational Catastrophic Incident Plan — did not yet include supplemental sections for guiding the government's response to specific types of disasters, like hurricanes.
"This plan will include further plans for specific situations," Fernández told the judge. "For example, earthquakes or hurricanes."
Those supplemental sections had not been completed, she said, prompting the judge in the case, Anthony Cuevas Ramos, to ask her to clarify.
"Since you have to hire a company to prepare those documents, should we assume that the documents don't exist yet?" the judge asked.
"They do not exist," Fernández responded. "What the agency has, it has released."
Carla Minet, director of the island's Center for Investigative Journalism, suspected this all along. She said that the government's refusal to release its emergency response plan despite publicly saying it was complete had driven her to believe it might not be finished. That's why she sued.
The government's admission in court Tuesday – five months into Puerto Rico's hurricane season — confirmed those suspicions.
"We thought we were safe," Minet said. "We were not."
Calls to Puerto Rico's governor's office and to the Puerto Rico Emergency Management Agency were not immediately returned.
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