Thomas de Waal
senior associate, Carnegie Endowment
Thomas de Waal is a senior associate in the Russia and Eurasia Program at the Carnegie Endowment, specializing primarily in the South Caucasus region comprising Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia and their breakaway territories, as well as the wider Black Sea region. De Waal is an expert on the unresolved conflicts of the South Caucasus: Abkhazia, Nagorny Karabakh, and South Ossetia. From 2002 to 2009 he worked as an analyst and project manager on the conflicts in the South Caucasus for the London-based NGOs Conciliation Resources and the Institute for War and Peace Reporting. De Waal has worked extensively as a journalist and writer in the Caucasus and Black Sea region and in Russia. He has twice worked as an analyst and reporter for the BBC World Service in London, from 1991 to 1993 and from 1998 to 1999, and continues to make documentaries for BBC Radio. From 1993 to 1997 he worked in Moscow for the *Moscow Times*, *Times of London*, and the *Economist*, specializing in Russian politics and the situation in Chechnya. He is the co-author (with Carlotta Gall) of the book *Chechnya: Calamity in the Caucasus*, for which the authors were awarded the James Cameron Prize for Distinguished Reporting. He has also written *Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan Through Peace and War* and *The Caucasus: An Introduction*.