The future of movies filmed in Massachusetts could be left up to lawmakers this spring as they consider cutting back on the tax credits filmmakers receive from the state.

Gov. Charlie Baker was rebuffed by lawmakers last year when they rejected his proposal to do away with the tax savings for film companies. Baker is back again with a new bill to cap how much movie makers can save on their taxes here. (Disclosure: WGBH's television productions benefit from the state tax credit.)

Secretary of Housing and Economic Development Jay Ash, Baker's economic development chief, told the Legislature's Joint Committee on Revenue on Tuesday the money the state gives to Hollywood-based productions can be better spent on housing programs for the middle class.

"The film tax credit is not the best investment for the Commonwealth," Ash testified. "Nearly two-thirds of the jobs and new spending attributed to the tax credit flowed out of state in 2012. Of the 3,051 jobs that the film tax credit created, only 730 went to Massachusetts residents."

Baker's proposal would also extend tax breaks to corporations in the Bay State that have invested here.

Supporters want to keep the tax breaks and argue that the benefits of film productions reach businesses—like restaurants, carpentry shops and more—beyond those who directly earn from filmmaking. They claim that without the tax break, film productions would move out of state and take the jobs with them.

“Major motion pictures regularly spend millions of dollars on goods, services, and rentals with Massachusetts small business," Margie Sullivan, the executive producer at Redtree Productions in Boston and president of the Massachusetts Production Coalition, wrote in a statement prior to the State House hearing Tuesday. "Larger-budget films and television productions have a blockbuster impact on local workers and businesses, but they will no longer film in Massachusetts if the governor’s proposal becomes law,"

While the tax revenue the state would get from limiting the film credit could be used to strengthen other projects like the housing program and corporate tax breaks the governor wants, many House lawmakers like the economic impact films have in their districts. It'll be an uphill battle for Baker to convince them to let go of film production in favor of more abstract programs.