Nearly 60 bills related to firearms are set to be considered in a public hearing that's likely to draw a big crowd and a heated debate.

The hearing comes after the Massachusetts House already passed a wide-ranging bill that tightens gun restrictions, cracking down on ghost guns and where guns can be carried, and as the state Senate is forming its own package.

So what is in these bills, and how many hurdles must be overcome for them to become laws? GBH’s Katie Lannan joined Morning Edition co-host Jeremy Siegel for an explainer.

The proposals are in part a reaction to Supreme Court rulings and recent violence

In 2022, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down a New York gun law that limited who can carry guns outside the home and where guns are permitted. The ruling had national implications — including in Massachusetts, where legislators worried Second Amendment advocates would use the Supreme Court ruling to challenge the state’s regulations.

Some bills now before the Legislature are also a response to violence across the state and country.

A House listening tour took place earlier this year, and House Speaker Ron Mariano had originally said he wanted to pass by July of 2023.

“But that ran into a number of obstacles, including opposition from different groups, Second Amendment advocates among them,” Lannan said. “It ran into some concerns from House lawmakers themselves, and it sparked a fight with the Senate over what committee ultimately should have a hearing on the bills.”

The House wanted the proposals to head to the Judiciary Committee, while the Senate wanted the Public Safety Committee to review the bills.

This week, the bills will come before the Public Safety Committee.

“The House had held a hearing on its bill, but it was House members only,” Lannan said. “So this is really a time that the full legislature will now have a chance to hear from people on all sides of gun regulation issues.”

There are 56 gun-related bills on the table

The bills are wide-ranging, from a proposal backed by Attorney General Andrea Campbell that would strengthen the current state law prohibiting silencers to bills looking to relax existing gun rules, including a proposed prohibition on county or town level gun laws.

“There's bills that want to take a closer look at gun violence prevention and funding efforts in the state,” Lannan said. “There's bills that would make it legal for the state attorney general and Massachusetts residents to sue the firearm industry if they feel they were caused harm. So lots of different things on the docket.”

There are also proposals regarding ghost guns, weapons that can be ordered in unregulated, do-it-yourself parts online and finished at home or 3D printed, evading regulators.

“That’s something that's a major focus of the House bill,” Lannan said. “We don't know specifically how the Senate might pursue that. But there also, you know, we've heard the Senate president talk about this being a pared down version of the House bill, so they might focus more explicitly on ghost guns and leave the many other things in the House bill aside for another time.”

The Legislature is holding a hearing on Tuesday

On Tuesday, people who may be affected by new gun laws can come to Beacon Hill and speak before legislators. That’s usually one of the first steps in the legislative process — but in this case, the Senate is holding the hearings after the House has already passed its version of a gun bill.

“I think what we're really seeing here is the remnants of a procedural dispute between the House and Senate,” Lannan said. “The House had really started looking into gun law reforms last year after we saw the United States Supreme Court decision that forced a lot of states to rethink their gun laws.”

Any regulations could face some pushback

The Senate will have an opportunity to respond to criticism of the House version of the bill.

“We saw law enforcement officers opposed to some of the limits the House originally a proposed on where guns could be carried, because the prohibition originally in the House bill on bringing guns into schools, government buildings [and] polling places would have also applied to law enforcement officers,” Lannan said.

The House amended its bill to address that concern, adding language making clear that off-duty law enforcement officers could still carry department-issued firearms in those locations. Active, on-duty officers had always been exempt from the proposed ban.

But while there might be some opportunity to seek good will with opponents of the bill, some people may oppose increased regulation no matter what, Lannan said.

“I don't know that there's much to get some of those people who are more strongly and vociferously opposed on board at this point in the game,” she said.

If any laws are passed, it likely won’t be for a while

It’s not likely that any bills will come for a floor vote in the next month.

“We're looking at 2024,” Lannan said. “The committees face a February deadline to report out bills for consideration. And the ultimate goal is to have a bill on Gov. [Maura] Healey's desk by the end of July. That's a hard deadline for things of this nature that are more controversial.”