In terms of environmental impact, there are alternatives to plastic straws — glass, paper, metal even. But each one had its particular flaw in the eyes of Robert Morris, who owns the Paradise Cove restaurant in Malibu, Calif.
"I've tried paper, but they just don't work as well with our cocktails, and we've had paper straws in the past for years, but pasta straws are just better and take less time to decompose," Morris said.
Morris' concern about the consequences of his straw choice is being driven in part by the actions of the city of Malibu, which is moving to ban single-use plastic straws, utensils and stirrers to reduce the harmful effects on the environment. Restaurants and other businesses have until June 1 to swap out plastic for reusable and biodegradable straws and cutlery.
Morris tells NPR that he has no intention of waiting for the ordinance to kick in, so he replaced plastic straws with what he calls the amazing pasta straw. He first saw a pasta straw on a trip to Italy a few years ago, then later went to a local market in Malibu and found a pasta straw he could use at his restaurant.
"We sell boba, and the straws are just big enough to use for that," Morris said. "Once you're done using it you can just eat it, cook it or throw for compost."
With 28 years in the business working first with his father before opening his own restaurant, Morris said he never thought about the impact plastic, and more so plastic straws, had on the environment.
"When the city came up with the rule it had me focused on finding a solution," Morris said. "Something as simple as flour and water turned out to be that solution."
Swiftly following Malibu's plastic ban are Seattle and the California cities of Davis and San Luis Obispo. Two cities in Florida, Miami and Fort Myers, have also decided to take similar measures in banning straws.
And the trend doesn't seem limited to the United States. The U.K. proposed a plan to reduce plastic waste in Europe on Thursday at the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting.
The proposal tackles single-use plastic by implementing measures for businesses and the government to go beyond a ban to a more emphasized strategy of rethinking plastic packaging altogether.
All plastic would have to fall into the circular economy where everything is recycled. Some yogurt containers, ready-made meal trays and even salad containers are made from nonrecyclable material that would be banned from distribution if the proposal passes.
TheBBC reportsthat British Prime Minister Theresa May has declared plastic waste "one of the greatest environmental challenges facing the world."
Fortune reported that Europe produces 25 million tons of plastic waste annually with less than 30 percent of it recycled. The Earth Institute at Columbia University reported that in 2014, Americans wasted about 33.6 million tons of plastic, approximately only 9 percent of which was recycled.
According to Science Daily, by 2015 humans had created 8.3 billion metric tons of plastic with only 9 percent recycled and 79 percent accumulated in landfills or the natural environment. By 2050 that number would increase to roughly 12 billion metric tons of plastic waste.
Data from routine beach cleanups in Malibu show that straws were the fifth most common object found on beaches, with plastic utensils sliding into sixth place. Plastic bottles were the dominant winner in the category.
According to the National Park Service, Americans use 500 million drinking straws daily. Various campaigns, such as Be Straw Free, The Last Plastic Straw and the U.K.'s Straw Wars, launched their initiatives to work on a global movement that specifically targets straws.
"I thought that's impossible, that [500 million] must have been a typo," said Sheila Morovati, a longtime Malibu resident, who launched the campaign to ban straws. "I realized this has to stop."
To launch the initiative, Morovati teamed up with the city of Malibu to screen a documentary called Straws.
"It was clear by the end of the documentary that banning just straws is good and I was really happy to see that, but they shifted the ban to all other single-use plastics, which was great," Morovati said.
Malibu council member Laura Zahn Rosenthal told NPR that business owners will receive minikits that include alternatives to plastics, like bamboo spoons and forks and paper straws.
The new regulation will also require consumers to request a straw if they want one rather than being given one by default.
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