Arguing Affirmative Action; What's the Purpose?
Sandel describes the 1996 court case of a white woman named Cheryl Hopwood who was denied admission to a Texas law school, even though she had higher grades and test scores than some of the minority applicants who were admitted. Hopwood took her case to court, arguing the school’s affirmative action program violated her rights. Students discuss the pros and cons of affirmative action.
The second half hour focuses on Aristotle, who disagrees with Rawls and Kant. When considering matters of distribution, Aristotle argues one must consider the goal, the end, the purpose of what is being distributed. Justice is a matter of fitting a person’s virtues with an appropriate role. And the highest political offices should go to those with the best judgment and the greatest civic virtue.