Biography & Profiles

The Wild West

Thursday, January 5, 2012
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WGBH's American Experience launches its 24th season with a month-long re-examination of some of the most controversial and mythic figures of the Wild West.

Billy the Kid
Tuesday, Jan. 10 at 9pm
The boy behind the myth, who in just a few short years transformed himself from a skinny orphan to the most feared man in the West and an enduring icon. Watch online.

Custer’s Last Stand
Tuesday, Jan. 17 at 8pm
The Last Stand, the final act of General George Custer's larger-than-life career, played out on a grand stage with a spellbound public engrossed in the drama. Watch online.

Wyatt Earp
Tuesday, Jan. 24 at 8pm
A central figure in the narrative of how the west was won, Wyatt Earp and his story became an American legend. Watch online.

Annie Oakley
Tuesday, Jan. 31 at 8pm
As the star attraction of Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show, Annie Oakley thrilled audiences around the world with her shooting feats. Watch a preview.

Jessie JamesJessie James
Tuesday, Jan. 31 at 9pm
America's Robin Hood who robbed not only the rich but the poor and defenseless as well, always saving the treasure for himself.

American Experience airs Tuesday evenings on WGBH 2.

More at

Timeline: Whitey Bulger's Life In Boston

By WGBH News   |   Thursday, June 23, 2011
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June 22, 2011

'Whitey' Bulger, in 1984 file photos originally released by the FBI. (AP Photo/FBI)

September 3, 1929: James Bulger is born to Irish immigrant parents living in Boston's Dorchester neighborhood. He is the second of six children. His shock of platinum blonde hair earns him the nickname "Whitey."

1956: Whitey Bulger is sentenced to federal prison for bank robbery. Suspected of plotting an escape from prison in Atlanta, he's transferred to Alcatraz.

1960: Bulger's younger brother, William, is elected to the state House of Representatives. John Connolly, a childhood friend from South Boston who would become an FBI agent in the 1970s, works on the campaign.

The Mary Ellen McCormack housing development in South Boston, formerly the Old Harbor Housing project, where Bulger grew up. (AP Photo/Steven Senne)

1965: Whitey Bulger is released from prison and comes home to live with his mother at the Old Harbor housing project in Southie. He works as a custodian at Suffolk County Courthouse. But within a year he is hanging around Marshall Motors in Somerville, a sort of headquarters for the Winter Hill Gang, and soon becomes a top lieutenant to its boss, Howie Winter.

As a result of his imprisonment for half of the decade, Whitey missed some of the worst violence of the Irish gang wars going on around Boston. But he soon became a much-feared member of the Killeen gang, and was  likely involved in a number of South Boston murders in the late 1960s and early 70s.

“From gangsters to God”: story from the Somerville News about the run-down Marshall Street garage being turned into a Pentecostal church.

From WGBH's "Greater Boston": A story about Lindsey Cyr of Weymouth, who says she and Bulger had a child together in 1967. Cyr says she gave birth to Bulger’s only known child, Douglas Glenn Cyr, in, 1967. Douglas died of Reye’s Syndrome, a severe reaction to aspirin, in 1973.

Mid-1960s: Gangster Stephen "The Rifleman" Flemmi, an Italian from Roxbury, develops a relationship with FBI agent H. Paul Rico. Flemmi, using the code name "Jack from South Boston" informs on members of the Providence-based New England Mafia. One of Flemmi’s brothers is a Boston police officer.

1970: William Bulger is elected to the state Senate.

FBI Agent John Connolly, entering Federal court in Boston for his trial in 2002. (AP Photo/Olivia Gatti)

1970s: The highly contentious desgregation busing plans in South Boston help Bulger consolidate his influence there. He prevents his gang from getting involved in the protests, which he expects would attract more police and federal attention, and tries to tone down the outrage in the neighborhood.

The same is true for William Bulger: although not wanting to appear racist to statewide voters, he stands up for his constituents and forcefully opposes busing plans. In doing so, he cements his position in Dorchester and South Boston politics, while trying to stop the unrest from escalating.

September 1975: Acting partly on Flemmi's recommendation, Bulger cuts a deal with Connolly to provide information on the Italian Mafia in exchange for protection from the FBI.

1978: William Bulger becomes president of the state Senate and goes on to serve in the post longer than anyone in its history.

Suffolk County Courthouse
The John Adams Courthouse, Suffolk County & Supreme Judicial Court. (hyperion327/Flickr)

At this time, John E. Powers, himself a former Senate president, is clerk of the Supreme Judicial Court at Suffolk County Courthouse. He finds that Whitey Bulger is still on the Courthouse payroll, though he had left his job there in 1971.

Powers, apparently resentful of the younger Bulger's fast rise to the presidency, cuts Whitey's salary. William Bulger retaliates four years later by having any increase in pay for Powers’ job frozen.

June 1978: Four known gangsters and a former Boston Channel 7 investigative reporter and anchorman, John A. Kelly, are killed by unknown shooters at the Blackfriars Pub in downtown Boston. Kelly had for some time been building relationships in the local underworld — probably initially to pursue a story, but he soon got in over his head.

By this time, Kelly had been fired from his job for other reasons and was managing Blackfriars, where he had hired Flemmi’s mistress, Marilyn DiSilva, as a waitress. Drugs and guns found at the bar, combined with the known victims who had associations with the Winter Hill Gang, have suggested that Bulger and Flemmi were involved.

“Dangerous liaison”: In the Boston Globe Magazine, DiSilva talks about hanging around the Marshall Street garage in those days, and all the violence from which she was just a step or two removed. She says Flemmi told her not to go in to work the night of the massacre.

1979: After a former business associate implicates Bulger and Flemmi in a horse race-fixing scheme, FBI agents Connolly and his supervisor, John Morris, persuade federal prosecutors to leave the two out of the indictment. Twenty-one people are charged, including Howie Winter, whose conviction paves the way for Bulger and Flemmi to assume control of the Winter Hill Gang.

Late 1970s, Early 1980s: Cocaine and crack cocaine hit American streets and Bulger gets involved. Southie folklore has long held that Bulger kept drugs out of the neighborhood. But as this story from the Globe shows, quite the opposite was true: Bulger charged massive amounts of money from drug dealers in exchange for operation in the areas he controlled.

1981: Flemmi allegedly strangles Bulger's girlfriend, Debra Davis, because she is seen as a threat to reveal what she knows to law enforcement. Her family later files suit against the federal government for protecting Bulger as an FBI informant.

January 1995: Bulger disappears on the eve of his indictment on racketeering charges.

1997: The FBI, under court order, acknowledges that Bulger and Flemmi were "top echelon" informants, as a federal probe into the agency's corrupt ties to its mob informants begins.

A site in Quincy where an unidentified body, thought to be a Bulger victim, was found in 2000. (AP Photo/Angela Rowlings)

2000: Testimony by Bulger’s friend and associate Kevin Weeks leads to the discovery of five bodies, spread around Dorchester and Quincy. Some were rivals of Bulger, some were personal acquaintances or girlfriends, not involved in criminal activities. Debra Davis was among those found.

May 2002: Connolly is convicted of racketeering for warning Bulger, Salemme and Flemmi that they were about to be indicted in January 1995.

From WGBH's “Greater Boston”: This 2001 episode tells the story of Bulger and Agent Connolly, recorded before his trial.

June 2003: William Bulger testifies before a congressional committee investigating the FBI's ties to mobster informants such as his brother. After receiving immunity, he acknowledges receiving a call from Whitey shortly after he fled, but says he has not heard from him since and has no idea where he is. Amid growing pressure, he resigns as president of the University of Massachusetts system shortly thereafter.

2005-2010: During this time, Bulger and his girlfriend, Catherine Greig, are spotted in London. Then they are thought to have been caught on tape in a small Italian town, but those people are later identified as a tourist couple from Germany.

2008: Connolly is convicted of second-degree murder in relation to the 1982 killing of a former henchman by Bulger and Flemmi, as prosecutors argue he provided critical information to the mobsters. He also produced an FBI report on the murder at the time that implicated rival gangsters in place of Bulger and Flemmi.

Anne Amie winemaker dinner at Grill 23

By Judy Lebel   |   Thursday, August 12, 2010
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The last time Thomas Houseman, winemaker for Oregon’s Anne Amie Vineyards, was in Boston, he ran the marathon on Patriot’s Day, 2004.

This time around, Houseman tackled Grill 23, not Heartbreak Hill. This time, on Wednesday, April 14, Houseman was more concerned with his pinot noirs than his mile splits.

The wine dinner at Grill 23 last week was no less intense an effort, however, because it’s the intensity of Anne Amie’s wines that make them work. It’s the intensity that enables Anne Amie’s pinot blanc and pinot noirs to stand up to Grill 23’s award-winning steakhouse cuisine. That’s right, pinot noir – not a cab, not malbec, not sangiovese – with steak.

These are not just any pinot noirs. Most of Anne Amie’s grapes come from two estate vineyards, which are both certified by Salmon Safe and LIVE (Low Input Viticulture and Enology). These organic practices along with intentionally reduced yields give the remaining fruit extraordinary depth and complexity.

Within an hour’s drive of Portland, you find yourself in the Yamhill-Carlton area of Oregon’s famed Willamette Valley.  The mission of this winery, named after owner Dr. Robert Pamplin’s two daughters, is to make memorable wines with a sense of elegance. Grill 23’s wine director, Alex DeWinter, and chef Jay Murray set the table to match that mission.

Dinner began with the 2008 Cuvee A “Amrita,” a jasmine-scented, white-wine blend of six grapes, offering just enough spice on the palate to complement Murray’s fresh California maki rolls and grilled scallop sushi. It’s the perfect fruit-forward quaffer to have at the ready for spring and summer.

For the next course, the lightly grilled, smoked salmon atop a velvety cauliflower puree and ricotta blini would have been tasty enough. But it was the flair of lemon mascarpone that brought out the Meyer lemon and crisp apple nuances of Houseman’s award-winning 2008 pinot gris.

Next up was a warm Rawson Brook chèvre cheesecake with pistou and a robust olive tapenade. With it, Anne Amie’s 2006 pinot noir, bringing berry and mushroom elements that embraced the rich, full flavors of the cheesecake.

Pinot noir is a tempting choice to serve with slow-roasted beef cheeks, especially when they’re served with bacon-wrapped salsify on a bed of forest mushrooms. Anne Amie’s 2004 “La Colina,” from the red volcanic soils of Oregon’s Dundee Hills, worked exceptionally well.

The dinner finished with three local cheeses from New Hampshire and Vermont paired with the elegant 2006 “L’Iris” Pinot Noir, followed by an assortment of mignardises, but I kept coming back to those beef cheeks. If you decide to roast your own beef cheeks, Beacon Hill’s Savenor’s Market will gladly special-order them for you.

Judy Lebel is the guest author for today’s Foodie Blog. Read new WGBH Foodie posts every weekday, where we explore myriad ways and places to experience good food and wine.

Wine and personality: Dr. Su Hua Newton at BOKX 109

By Cathy Huyghe   |   Thursday, August 12, 2010
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At first glance, Dr. Su Hua Newton seems an unlikely winery owner. She is a scientist by training. She wears a red blazer and black tights that just might be leather. She and her husband, Peter Newton, came to Napa way back in the day, when the valley’s landscape was more likely to be growing walnuts than grapes.

But then Newton begins to speak — as she did Friday night at the Newton Vineyard wine dinner at BOKX 109 Restaurant in Newton — and you realize the roles of winery owner, winemaker, and marketer suit her to a T.

That’s because she is intelligent and pragmatic (useful for one of the first-comers to the Napa wine scene). And because she is vivacious and charming (you’d have to be, to pull off some of the achievements Newton Vineyard has accomplished).

Plus, she is self-effacing and funny, and definitely not taking herself too seriously.

That last — an energy of self-deprecation and humor — helped open the door to the lively, even boisterous crowd that gathered in BOKX 109′s private dining room recently. Newton Vineyard’s reputation typically inspires a hushed reverence, thanks to wine critic Robert Parker’s 96-point rating of Newton’s wines, its inclusion in Parker’s ranking of the world’s 100 greatest wine estates, and premium price points per bottle. Newton Vineyard’s history, in other words, evokes an expectation of stuffiness.

Until Su Hua Newton is in the room.

That was the case on Friday. Maybe some of the guests came to the dinner anticipating a certain level of seriousness. What they got instead was communal seating around just a few tables in the room, exciting food (and I do not say that lightly), and the edge and the flair of BOKX 109, packaged with the unusual — even daring — flight of unfiltered wines from Su Hua Newton’s vineyards.

Maybe the next time these guests see Newton Vineyard on the wine store shelf, they’ll remember Dr. Newton’s sense of humor more than the unfiltered character of most of the wines. Maybe they’ll remember their conversation with fellow guests more distinctly than how well the Red Label Chardonnay paired with the oysters (outstanding though the food at BOKX 109 is).

Or maybe what they will remember is that Napa is full of personalities like Dr. Newton’s — personalities that flavor more than the wines.

Cathy Huyghe writes the WGBH Foodie blog. Read new WGBH Foodie posts every weekday, in which Cathy explores myriad ways and places to experience good food and wine.

About the Authors
The WGBH News team comprises the WGBH radio newsroom, The Callie Crossley Show, The Emily Rooney Show and WGBH Channel 2 reporters and producers from Greater Boston and Basic Black. 


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