On Aging

Easy Yoga for Arthritis with Peggy Cappy

Thursday, June 14, 2012
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Super Brain with Dr. Rudy Tanzi

Friday, December 7, 2012
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New Online Users Have A Longer Timeline

By Stan Alcorn   |   Friday, July 13, 2012
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July 12, 2012

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More older adults are using the Internet, thanks in part to introductory classes offered offline. (iStockphoto)

Facebook started as a social network for college students. But now that anyone can join, here's a status update: Many of its newest members are senior citizens.

At 101 years old, Florence Detlor is one of the oldest people on Facebook. She says she's always been someone who wants to keep up on the cutting edge of technology.

"Because that's what makes one time different from another," she says.

When Detlor was born, in 1911, the telephone was a futuristic, fringe technology. These days, she reads novels on her Kindle and updates her Facebook timeline on her third computer. She's an exceptional person — but not as exceptional as you might think.

"For the first time, half of adults 65 and older are online," says Mary Madden, a researcher at the Pew Center's Internet and American Life Project.

That's up from just 14 percent in 2000, when the project started. She says the number of seniors online has really taken off in the past year, and the biggest driver is happening offline, in outreach. That outreach includes classes like the one librarian Josh Soule teaches.

Soule's "Facebook for Seniors" class is usually full, with students who have never used the website before. Henriette Bard doesn't even own a computer.

"I made a big mistake in my life when I should have learned about computers years ago, when my husband was alive," she says. "I didn't, and now I started at 92, just started to learn how to use a computer."

Most of the hourlong class is spent limiting the amount of personal information that's shared on the site. Sharing too much makes these seniors nervous; they're used to socializing one-on-one.

"I imagine it's like talking to people, like email," Bard says.

She learns that it's more complicated than that: Even with privacy settings, most of the action on Facebook is out in front of all of your friends at once. That makes seniors like Tina Santorineou uncomfortable.

"You miss the personal touch, you know," she says. "You don't connect with this person, you connect with everybody. But I don't want to do that."

But like most seniors, she appreciates that younger users do, like her 14-year-old grandniece.

"If you go to her wall, you can see thousands of — or I don't know how many — pictures she has. It's amazing," Santorineou says.

Grandkids — and their pictures — are a magnet for seniors, pulling them into a new social space at a time when most of them are socializing less.

"People actually narrow down their social networks as they grow older," says Shyam Sundar, professor of communications at Penn State.

Sundar thinks websites like Facebook can help seniors fight that isolation. He compares the sites to an ongoing Thanksgiving dinner. However, that only works for people who already have friends and family to fill the seats at the table — people like Detlor, the 101-year-old.

"Family is there, friends are there. I think maybe more friends than family," she says.

In the past couple of months, she's added more than 200 new Facebook friends.

Copyright 2012 WNYC Radio. To see more, visit http://www.wnyc.com/.

How Work Is Messing Up Your Sleep

By Nancy Shute   |   Sunday, April 29, 2012
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'Death with Dignity': One Family's Story

By Adam Reilly   |   Tuesday, April 10, 2012
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April 10, 2012

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The Johnson family. Heather Clish is on the lower left with her son. (Courtesy of Heather Clish)

READING, Mass. — This fall, Massachusetts voters will likely be asked to weigh in on the so-called Death with Dignity Act, which would allow terminally ill patients to take their own lives. As debate over the proposal heats up, one Reading woman has a unique perspective. Heather Clish’s father was treated for cancer in Massachusetts but died in Oregon, where he ended his life using a similar law. Clish shared her family's story with Greater Boston.

Realizing something was wrong
Lee and Mary Lou Johnson were on their way from Oregon to Europe for a cruise down the Danube when they stopped in Boston to visit their daughter and her family. Right away, Clish knew that her father wasn’t well. He seemed foggy; he would try to sit in a chair and miss the seat; he would walk upstairs when he meant to walk down.
"So something was telling us, this is very wrong," she said.
Johnson went to the emergency room at Mass General where he was diagnosed with glioblastoma, reportedly the same kind of cancer that killed Ted Kennedy. Johnson’s prognosis may have been even worse: the cancer had crossed both hemispheres of the brain, and doctors said it was inoperable.
So Johnson was treated with radiation and chemotherapy — but he was already planning his next move.
"We were in the hospital when he first did say, 'We’ve got to get to back to Oregon so I have access to this Oregon option,'” Clish said.

The opportunity for an assisted exit
The “Oregon option” is an act that allows adults who’ve been diagnosed with a terminal illness to obtain medication they can use to end their life. Johnson returned to Oregon in late December.
"He knew he wanted to go about dying with grace. How would he treat people, how would he spend his time," Clish said. "And interwoven with all of that was … trying to figure out for himself, what was that line? What was living and dying with dignity?"
When her father’s condition worsened Clish flew out to be with him. The next day, he announced he was ready to die.
"I had just given him a drink of water," she recalled. "He took the drink of water, he lay back, and he said, 'Okay, I’m ready to go.' I said, 'Dad, no, that wasn’t that drink.' And he said, 'Well, it’s time to get that drink.'”
Clish didn't want the burden of interpreting his request. She asked what he meant, "and he told me clearly that was ready to take the mix, take the drugs."
The plan, and what happened

After triple-checking Johnson's intentions, the family contacted the end-of-life group Compassion & Choices. A volunteer came to the house and prepared a lethal dose of the drug Seconal while Johnson and his family said goodbye.
"We sat in the den where the bed was and we just talked. It was actually strangely nice," Clish said. Johnson talked about where he was from, in Utah — even some stories the family had never known. "He was funny even at the end. His last thing that he wanted to eat was a piece of toast with raspberry jam, because he loved raspberry jam, and he just completely enjoyed it."
A few minutes later, Johnson reached for the cup. He drank the contents down.
"It was very fast. I would say within minutes he appeared to have fallen asleep," Clish said. In fact, he had slipped into a coma, where he remained for about 10 or 15 minutes until his pulse stopped.
"The volunteer was very discreet," Clish added. "She was in another room, and she was the one who came, checked [his] pulse and told us when he had gone. It was very peaceful."
Critics argue that for the terminally ill, hospice care is enough. Clish admitted that end-of-life suicide isn’t right for everybody. "But for someone like my dad, it was right," she said. "When he died, my mom was in his arms…. He one hope was that when he died he would know who she was and that she loved him. So it was planned — it was planned and it worked out that way."
> > READ: The proposed Massachusetts initiative (pdf)
> > READ: A summary of the petition from the Attorney General's office (pdf)

Dr. Gary Small: Preventing Alzheimer's Disease

Friday, March 2, 2012
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March 2, 2012

BOSTON — Alzheimer’s disease currently afflicts 5 million Americans; one American is diagnosed with Alzheimer’s every 70 seconds. There is no known cure, and the suggestion that Alzheimer's can be prevented is deeply debated within the scientific community — can doing crossword puzzles, for example, really help stave off the degenerative effects of the disease? Dr. Gary Small, UCLA neuroscientist argues that there are in fact steps we can take to at least delay the symptoms of mental decline. Here, he offers tips for keeping the brain healthy through exercise, diet, and stress management that may at least result in better quality of life. View the full lecture on WGBH's Forum Network.

About the Authors
Adam Reilly Adam Reilly
Adam Reilly is a political reporter and associate producer for WGBH's Greater Boston.


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